Let’s discuss the question: how to convert packed decimal to numeric in sort jcl. We summarize all relevant answers in section Q&A of website 1st-in-babies.com in category: Blog MMO. See more related questions in the comments below.

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## How do you convert numbers to packed decimals?

You can convert a numeric value to Packed numeric **using OUTREC/INREC statement**. You can either use ‘ZD,TO=PD’ or ‘ZD,PD’ depending upon the Sort product/version your shop has. Quote: You can either use ‘ZD,TO=PD’ or ‘ZD,PD’ depending upon the Sort product/version your shop has.

## What is ZD in sort JCL?

ZD is signed zoned decimal in the form X’FdFd… sd’ where d is a digit (0-9) and s is the sign (usually C or F for plus and D for minus). ZD collates as signed numbers (e.g. -123 before +123).

### Converting Numeric Formats (ZD to PD, ZD to BI and reverse)

### Images related to the topicConverting Numeric Formats (ZD to PD, ZD to BI and reverse)

## What is zoned decimal in sort?

A zoned decimal representation **stores a decimal digit in the low order nibble of each byte**. For all but the byte containing the sign, the high-order nibble is the numeric zone nibble (F on EBCDIC and 3 on ASCII). The sign can be merged into a byte with a digit, or it can be separate, depending on the representation.

## Can we move packed decimal to numeric in COBOL?

This document describes how packed decimal values (Computational-3) can be converted to numeric values via File Master using COBOL copybooks. The only method to get this done is to **use a File Master Reformat data set, aka.** **REFFILE**. (“11 REFORMAT Convert file from one record layout to another”).

## What is zoned decimal and packed decimal?

**Zone decimal uses an entire byte for each digit**. This means you can just print a number as if it was text (each ‘character’ stores a digit 0-9) but since there are only 10 digits and a byte can hold 256 different values this is a bit wasteful. Packed decimal uses the fact that 4bits can store 16different values.

## How do you convert a decimal to a decimal?

double and big decimal can be converted to packed decimal too. **each digit represented by half a byte, therefore the number of digits in packed decimal must be always even not odd**.

## How do you convert decimal to ZD?

To change this to readable format, you need to convert these numbers into ZONED Decimal (ZD) format. This can be accomplished using **SORT.** **p,m,PD,TO=ZD** converts the PD values to ZD values. By default, a 4-byte BI value produces a 7-byte ZD value, but LENGTH=6 override the default length to produce a 6-byte ZD value.

## What is Inrec and Outrec in JCL sort?

Using SORT INREC in JCL. **INREC adds, deletes, or reformats fields before the records are sorted or merged**. so that performance will be improved OUTREC adds, deletes, or reformats fields after the records are sorted or merged.

## What is UFF in sort JCL?

UFF stands for **unsigned free form** and M11 would tell SORT to use leading zeros, e.g. 27 would be displayed as ‘0000000027’. DFSORT has 27 edit masks as well as an EDIT parameter that lets you design your own masks.

## Why do we have a packed decimal format?

Packed decimal representation **stores decimal data with exact precision**. The fractional part of the number is determined by the informat or format because there is no separate mantissa and exponent. An advantage of using packed decimal data is that exact precision can be maintained.

## What is Dfsort in mainframe?

DFSORT is **a program you use to sort, merge, and copy information**. When you sort records, you arrange them in a particular sequence, choosing an order more useful to you than the original one. When you merge records, you combine the contents of two or more previously sorted data sets into one.

### 04 COBOL: Zoned Decimal and packed decimal

### Images related to the topic04 COBOL: Zoned Decimal and packed decimal

## What is zoned decimal in mainframe?

A zoned decimal is **a USAGE DISPLAY item where every digit is represented using one byte character**, the corresponding ASCII or EBCDIC character is used for each digit.

## Can Comp-3 be converted to numeric?

**You cannot move a COMP-3 variable to alphanumeric directly**. It will not give a SOC7 error but will you give you a return code 12 stating that comp-3 and alphanumeric variables did not follow the move compatibility rule.

## What is Comp-3 variables COBOL?

COBOL Comp-3 is **a binary field type that puts (“packs”) two digits into each byte, using a notation called Binary Coded Decimal, or BCD**. This halves the storage requirements compared to a character, or COBOL “display”, field.

## How many bytes are required to represent the decimal number in the Ebcdic packed decimal format?

**two decimal digits in one byte**. A packed decimal representation stores decimal digits in each “nibble” of a byte (a byte is eight bits and a nibble is four bits). Each byte has two nibbles, and each nibble is indicated by a hexadecimal digit.

…

Introduction.

Digit | Digit |
---|---|

0001 | 0010 |

1 |
2 |

## How is Comp 3 stored?

COMP-3 data stored **in memory higher to lower in the size of nibble (4 bits)**. i.e. The upper nibble stores the most significant digit and lower nibble stores the next digit and the upper nibble stores the next digit etc.

## What are packed and unpacked BCD numbers?

**Packed BCD is the first and second number are represented as the first 4 bits and last 4 bits in a byte**. The number 75 in packed BCD would be 01110101. Unpacked BCD is each number is represented by its own byte. The number 75 in unpacked BCD would be 00000111 and 00000101.

## What does v99 mean in COBOL?

9(8)v99 means this variable is **Numeric type of length 8 and 2 digits after decimal**. I guess your legacy system is Mainframes (COBOL). In COBOL 9(8) means Numeric of length 8. v means decimal point. 99 after v means number of digits after decimal point.

## How do you convert scientific notation to decimal?

Convert scientific notation to decimal form

**Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10 .** Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed. If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right. If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point |n| places to the left.

## What is 7.5 percent as a decimal?

Answer: 7.5% as a decimal is equal to **0.075**.

## What is 1 whole as a decimal?

We could also write that as 1.00. In other words, **1 = 1.00**. 1.00 is a decimal.

### SUM FIELDS – Adding Numeric Columns

### Images related to the topicSUM FIELDS – Adding Numeric Columns

## What is Outrec sort?

JCL – SORT OUTREC Fields

The OUTREC control statement **allows you to reformat the input records after they are sorted, merged, or copied**. You can create the reformatted OUTREC records in one of the following ways using unedited, edited, or converted input fields.

## How many bytes is S9 4 comp?

Picture | Storage representation |
---|---|

S9(1) through S9(4) | Binary halfword (2 bytes) |

S9(5) through S9(9) | Binary fullword (4 bytes) |

S9(10) through S9(18) | Binary doubleword (8 bytes) |

9(1) through 9(4) | Binary halfword (2 bytes) |

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